Facts About Mental Health In Foster Care
Understanding Mental health in children in Foster Care is so important for their success.
Out of the 400,000 children in foster care in the United States, 80% have mental health issues. That's a striking percentage, especially when compared to the fact that only 20% of non-foster children have mental health issues within the general population.
These mental health challenges result from so many factors out of the youth's control, from issues at home to constant change and stress and the level of child abuse or neglect they have suffered. And once children age out of the foster care system, many of them are unsure how to seek the help they need while also learning to live independently. The child welfare system has not set them up for success after a youth turns 18 years old.
From Anxiety disorders to healthcare and behavioral health challenges, the rates of mental illness are a true challenge to all youth in foster care today. So understanding what does mental health in foster care youth look like, and what can you do about it?
Here's an overview of things you should know and how you might help.
What Contributes to Children's Mental Health?
The experiences we have impacted the health of our minds, and that's especially true for young children and youth.
The goal of the foster care system is positive: to reunite children with their families (or find permanent placements for them when that isn't possible). But even with good intentions, it can be a challenging experience for children, youth, and families that support them.
It's said that being separated from your family is more detrimental to your mental health than living in poverty. Having to leave your home and family members without knowing when you'll return is confusing and scary. Add in moving from place to place while in the system, and it takes a toll on a child's mental, physical, and emotional health.
Before a child goes into foster care, they've likely already experienced trauma. Most children are removed from their homes because of dangerous situations, like neglect and abuse.
All of these adverse childhood experiences affect a youth's mental wellbeing. They must get the help they need to work through their trauma to live healthy lives.
Which Mental Health Disorders Often Affect Foster Youth?
Every child is different, and the effects of trauma show up in different ways. But several common mental health disorders affect foster youth the most.
Anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are often the result of a child's traumatic past or present (abuse or neglect in the household, moving from foster home to foster home, etc.). Sometimes youth experience eating disorders, social phobias, and attachment issues too.
Symptoms you may observe in a child suffering from an PTSD include?
- Trouble sleeping
- Hyperventilation (Breathing quickly)
- Feeling tense, nervous, or restlessness
- Higher heart rate than would be expected in a child
- Unable to control worrying thoughts
- Gastrointestinal Problems (stomach ache)
- Avoidance of things that will trigger anxiety
- Sweating / Trembling
- Being restless or tense and of causes nervous
Several anxiety disorders do excite here is a list of a few:
- Anxiety disorder around medical conditions
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Panic disorders
- Specific phobias
- Social phobia
- Selective mutism
- Here is a link to dive into more detail about these Anxiety disorders:
Please seek help from your mental health professional if you believe that these conditions interfere with your life or if you have feelings of hurting yourself or others.
They will be able to help you find a solution to your challenges.
How does Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder affect Foster child?
Many times issues might show up in a child's behavior. Maybe they're more violent or defiant, with anger being a normal emotion during such a high-charged and confusing time.
Symptoms you may observe in a child suffering from an Anxiety disorder include?
- Anger towards self or others
- Challenges with the focus within the school
- Physical illness is a manifestation of mental pain turning into physical ailments.
- Isolation and challenges to connect with people
Here is a link to learn more about PTSD
Even though these behaviors and disorders are things foster youth deal with often, this doesn't mean these issues are their fault. To begin to heal, they need access to mental health services and a community of people to support them.
How Is the Problem Being Tackled?
It's known that children in foster care have mental health issues that desperately need attention. Unfortunately, not enough is being done to fix the problem.
There are standards for the foster care system, and states are supposed to address the needs of foster care youth, so they get the care they need.
A portion of the states are doing this, but others are not. 91% of states are not meeting the needs of foster youth, with only a handful of U.S. states meeting the expectations.
Some states do the screenings and assessments that help them figure out what foster care children need. However, they aren't following through and connecting the children with mental health help.
This issue has been going on for a long time, and in many cases, the services that would help foster youth aren't available to them. With many foster youth showing signs of mental health problems very young in life, these issues worsen with time if they aren't addressed.
Luckily, people are becoming more and more vocal about how important mental health is for foster youth. They're using their voice to make positive change happen before youth age out of Foster care and healthcare access is diminished.
How Can You Help?
If you're wondering how to help foster youth, there are a couple of crucial ways to get involved.
One of the best ways is to become a foster parent yourself. States across the country are always in need of people to foster children, so they have a safe place to stay while the details of their guardianship are sorted out.
As a foster parent, you can help a child access the mental health services they might need, including counseling and therapy. Connecting them with someone who can share coping strategies will allow them to begin to deal with their trauma in a helpful and informed way.
Plus, being there as a supportive listener for your foster child and ensuring their needs are met will help them.
Another way to help America's foster youth is to become an advocate for them. Spread facts about mental health in foster youth to others to explain what's happening and encourage people to find ways to address the problem.
Support the Mental Health of Foster Care Youth
Foster care affects children in different ways, and many times this effect is positive. A safe and loving home environment does wonder for the mental health of foster care children, and by being a foster parent, you can help provide this.
As a foster parent, you're given all of the training and support you need to help your foster child flourish.
Fostering is a meaningful and rewarding experience that opens so many hearts.